100GBASE-DR Application Overview


100GBASE-DR, 100GBASE-FR1, 100GBASE-LR1, 100BASE-LR4, 100BASE-ZR, and 100BASE-ER4
100GBASE-DR: 100 Gb/s PAM4 serial transmission at 1310 nm over 2 single‑mode optical fibers, with reach up to at least 500 m

100GBASE-DR supports long wavelength 4‑level pulse amplitude modulated (PAM4) serial transmission over duplex (2‑fiber) single‑mode optical fiber cabling. The application’s equivalent symbol rate is 106.25 GBd per lane (PAM4 maps pairs of bits into a single symbol) and the supported distance varies according to the type of single‑mode cable used. Network equipment interface connections include a duplex optical fiber connector and a standard socket into which physical (PHY) layer transceiver modules may be plugged.

  • Connector type: LC
  • Transceiver module: QSFP28
  • Defined in clause 140 of the IEEE 802.3 Standard for Ethernet
  • Initially published as IEEE Std 802.3cd™: Media Access Control Parameters for 50 Gb/s and Physical Layers and Management Parameters for 50 Gb/s, 100 Gb/s, and 200 Gb/s Operation in 2018

Optical Fiber Cabling (Channel) Characteristics:

Parameter OS1a Indoor/Outdoor OS2
Operating wavelength: 1310 nm
Insertion loss (max): 3.0 dB
Cabled fiber attenuation (max): 1.0 dB/km 0.5 dB/km 0.4 dB/km
Operating range2: 2 m to 250 m1 2 m to 500 m 2 m to 500 m
1 Operating range for cabled fibers having more than 0.5 dB/km attenuation is not specified by IEEE 802.3. This calculation is provided for information only.
2 Maximum operating ranges are calculated using a 2.75 dB connection and splice loss allocation.

Key Application Capabilities:

  • Defines a 100 Gb/s PHY for operation over at least 500 m of SMF
  • Supports full-duplex operation only
  • Preserves the Ethernet frame format utilizing the Ethernet MAC
  • Preserves minimum and maximum FrameSize of current 802.3 Standard for Ethernet
  • Provides appropriate support for optical transport networks (OTNs)
  • Supports a BER of better than or equal to 10-12 at the MAC/PLS service interface (or the frame loss ratio equivalent)
  • Supports optional Energy-Efficient Ethernet operation

Related Applications:

The IEEE P802.3cd Task Force also specified the following PAM4 modulated Ethernet applications:

Application    Operating    Wavelength Media Operating Range1
50GBASE-CR Copper Twinax up to 3 m
50GBASE-FR 1310 nm Single-mode up to 2 km
50GBASE-KR Backplane
50GBASE-LR 1310 nm Single-mode up to 10 km
50GBASE-SR 850 nm Multimode up to 100 m
100GBASE-CR2 Copper Twinax up to 3 m
100GBASE-KR2 Backplane
100GBASE-SR2 850 nm Multimode up to 100 m
200GBASE-CR4 Copper Twinax up to 3 m
200GBASE-KR4 Backplane
200GBASE-SR4 850 nm Multimode up to 100 m
1 Supported distance varies according to the type of optical fiber cable used.

Back to TIA FOTC IEEE 802.3 Single-mode Optical Fiber Ethernet Standards Explorer